## Explanations

What is force?

The particule is constrained to make its next scheduled reappearance slightly offset to when it would otherwise have located itself. It feels this as ‘force’.

More specifically, the geometric location of the reactive end is determined by negotiation between its hyff and those of the other surrounding particule and fields. Therefore force is a positional constraint on re-energisation. Each time the particule re-energises it is moved another increment. In between times there is no force. Though these displacements are individually small, they happen at a very high frequency, and this plus the many particules in a body being in various different phases, means that the overall effect at our level of perception is of a smooth continuous force. But if cordus is correct then the force is actually granular, and a displacement effect. Most of that explanation applies to the field forces of electrostatics, magnetism, and gravitation, where something far away in the external environment casts a field onto the particule.   Contact forces between bodies, e.g. Newton’s law of action and reaction, are better understood as arising from geometric compression or tension in the spacing between the atoms. But in all cases the underlying force mechanism is positional constraint on re-energisation.

What is in the vacuum?

A crisscrossed mesh of moving force field lines. We call it the fabric. As opposed to the ‘void’ which has nothing at all. Time, as we know it, only exists in the fabric, not the void. The vacuum consists of the electro-magneto-gravito [EMG] hyff of other particules in the universe.

Why is the speed of light 3E8 m/s?

We can’t answer that. Cordus currently only describes the background reasons to the universe, not the numbers. However it can answer the next question.

Why is the speed of light a finite  as opposed to infinite?

The speed is determined by the density of the hyff in the fabric.

What is time?

Time is determined by the frequency of the particules involved. More specifically, every particule can only react and do things when it is energised. This means in a way that it only exists when it is energised. Thus particules have to take time to complete their interactions with other particuloids. Time is thus granular at a sufficiently fine scale.

What is light?

Photons. Internally the photon consists of two particle-like components joined together.  Externally it sends out a force field as a thread, and this is the observed electromagnetic field, i.e. the wave behaviour.

What are fields?

They are lines of force, and they are granular. All the three field forces – electrostatic, magnetic, and gravitation – are parts of the same underlying mechanism. The reactive ends of matter particules emit field lines which we call hyff [for hyperfine fibrils]. These lines propagate out at the speed of light, travelling on, and contributing to, the fabric. See ‘force’ for how the mechanism for force operates.

What is the core idea of the cordus conjecture?

It is that  ‘particles’  do not exist as points, or even waves, but are two-ended structures, called particules.

What is the most fundamental principle you have found so far?

That would probably have to be the principle of complimentary frequency  synchronisation [CoFS]. In cordus this governs the strong nuclear force which holds the nucleus together,  the assembly of  protons from quarks, the Pauli exclusion principle for the pairing of electrons, the bonding of electrons to protons in the atom, annihilation of matter & antimatter, laser, superfluidity, and superconductivity.

Disruptive ideas! New physics! The cordus conjecture is a prompt to  think differently about the fundamentals, using a design approach.