Paper published: Strong force

We just had our paper on the synchronous interaction (strong force) published.  It is titled ‘Synchronous interlocking of discrete forces: Strong force reconceptualised in a NLHV solution’ and is published in Applied Physics Research. It’s available under open access. Follow this DOI link to access the full paper: 

Basically the paper proposes that it is much easier to understand the strong force as a synchronisation between nearby particules. The strong force arises because of an interlock between the discrete forces of the two particles. Much like say an electric stepper motor. Hence it is easy to explain why the strong force should drop off outside a certain range. Thus it appears to be repulsive at short range, strong at intermediate range, and weak at long range.

However this solution comes with a cost: one has to abandon quantum mechanics’ idea that particles are 0-D points… this is the unorthodox bit. Nonetheless, it’s entirely plausible that particles could have internal structures, since the only real obstacles are the Bell-type inequalities. These are mathematical rather than empirically validated limitations, and don’t exclude non-local hidden-variable designs anyway.

This theory makes some interesting other predictions along the way.

The conventional requirements for the strong force are that it is strongly attractive between nucleons whether neutral neutrons or positively charged protons; that it is repulsive at close range; that its effect drops off with range. However theories, such as quantum chromodynamics, based on this thinking have failed to explain nucleus structure ab initio starting from the strong force. We apply a systems design approach to this problem. We show that it is more efficient to conceptualise the interaction as interlocking effect, and develop a solution based on a specific non-local hidden-variable design called the Cordus conjecture. We propose that the strong force arises from particules synchronising their emission of discrete forces. This causes the participating particules to be interlocked: the interaction pulls or repels particules into co-location and then holds them there, hence the apparent attractive-repulsive nature of that force and its short range. Those discrete forces are renewed at the de Broglie frequency of the particule. The Cordus theory answers the question of how the strong force attracts the nucleons (nuclear force). We make several novel falsifiable predictions including that there are multiple types of synchronous interaction depending on the phase of the particules, hence cis- and trans-phasic bonding. We also predict that this force only applies to particules in coherent assembly. A useful side effect is that the theory also unifies the strong and electro-magneto-gravitation (EMG) forces, with the weak force having a separate causality.  The synchronous interaction (strong force) is predicted to be intimately linked to coherence, with the EMG forces being the associated discoherent phenomenon. Thus we further predict that there is no need to overcome the electrostatic force in the nucleus, because it is already inoperative when the strong force operates. We suggest that ‘strong’ is an unnecessarily limiting way of thinking about this interaction, and that the ‘synchronous’ concept offers a more parsimonious solution with greater explanatory power for fundamental physics generally, and the potential to  explain nuclear mechanics.

Pons, D. J., Pons, A. D., & Pons, A. J. (2013). Synchronous interlocking of discrete forces: Strong force reconceptualised in a NLHV solution  Applied Physics Research, 5(5), 107-126. doi:


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