Archive for July, 2013

Aharonov-Bohm effect explained

Cordus theory for the electron _11In the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect an enclosed magnet, one from which magnetic field cannot escape, changes the motion of an electron even though the electron passes through a magnetic-free region. The experiment involves a coherent source[1] of electrons:  one beam passes through the centre of a toroidal magnet and the other bypasses it; the electrons thereafter interfere to produce fringes at a biprism (wire with a positive charge);[2] the fringes differ depending on whether or not the magnetic flux is confined to the magnet (as opposed to leaking into the hole). The conventional explanation involves use of vector electromagnetic potentials (in place of electromagnetic fields).

The significance of this effect is that the electron is affected by a condition (magnetic field) that is some distance away from it, and to which it does not have access. Thus the principle of locality seems to be compromised, as in the case of entanglement. The results  are usually interpreted as evidence that QM’s mathematical representations of electromagnetic potentials are not simply mathematical, but are real effects. We beg to differ.

The Cordus explanation of the Aharonov-Bohm effect is as follows:

  1. The electron has two reactive ends a short distance apart (hence a Cordus ‘particule’).
  2. (This is important) One reactive-end of the electron goes through the toroidal magnet, and the other goes past it.
  3. The reactive-end itself does not get into the toroid but its discrete forces (fields) do.
  4. (This is important) The discrete forces penetrate the thin outer layer of the solenoid, and therefore are able to probe that space despite the electromagnetic barriers preventing the electron as a whole from entering.
  5. The discrete forces interact with the magnetic field and this causes a displacement force on the reactive-end.
  6. The wire of the biprism provides the edge-effect for the formation of fringes.

Thus the AB effect, from the Cordus perspective, is another application of the Cordus Principle of Wider Locality: that particules are affected by the conditions around them, not merely at the 0-D point. This wider sensitivity to their surroundings occurs because particules are held to have two reactive ends and discrete fields. It also shows that non-local hidden-variable (NLHV) solutions have great explanatory power if one can find the right design.


This explanation first appeared in:

Pons, D. J., Pons, Arion. D., Pons, Ariel. M., & Pons, Aiden. J. Matter particuloids. (Cordus matter Part 3.2) viXra, 2011. 1104.0023, 1-12 DOI:

Pons, D. J., Pons, Arion. D., Pons, Ariel. M., & Pons, Aiden. J. Wider Locality. (Cordus matter Part 3.1). viXra, 2011. 1104.0022, 1-7 DOI:

[1]              The quantum mechanics concept of a ‘coherent’ source of light or electrons is not accepted by the Cordus theory, at least not as QM describes it. Instead the Cordus theory explains this as reactive ends from the same particule that have been split to go down two paths.

[2]              The fact that fringes in this case are associated with electromagnetic effects at the edges of objects, is consistent with the explanation for photon fringes (explained in the Cordus conjecture), which are also edge effects.

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