What is proton decay?
Some theories of physics predict that the proton decays, i.e. it breaks down into other products. There is no experimental evidence that this actually occurs. If it does occur, it is expected to be a very rare event. The life of the proton, according to those theories that predict it to decay, is longer than 10^33. So there is no danger of the atoms in our world suddenly breaking up in an immediate end of the universe scenario.
Still, the question of proton decay is important to the grand unified theories (GUTs), those theories of physics that seek to unify the electric, magnetic, weak, and strong forces (interactions). Their idea is that the proton decays into a positron (antielectron) and pion. Quite how they might decay depends on the theory under consideration, and might involve the Higgs particle or other exotic particles that are not yet observed.
Does the Cordus conjecture have anything to add about proton decay?
Yes, it predicts that hitting it with two antineutrinos should remanufacture it to an antielectron and two photons. This prediction may be testable and falsifiable.
This result also implies that proton decay would not be fundamentally random, but rather a result of a specific coincidence of antineutrinos. In the Cordus model decay is a conditional event, which is an unorthodox position. By comparison conventional explanations consider decay rates to be fixed, and therefore the events are merely spontaneous and random. Read more …
What this means is that the proton could unravel back into a positron and two photons, with the right kind of forcing by antineutrinos. But realistically that is not expected to be a common occurrence given that antineutrinos do not react much with matter.
- Pons et al (2011) The preponderance of matter: Asymmetrical genesis via the antineutrino route, http://vixra.org/abs/1111.0035
- Cain (2007) The End of Everything (Universe Today) http://www.universetoday.com/11430/the-end-of-everything/