Is ‘notmatter’ another form of matter?
A new and rather odd state of matter appears in the cordus model. The cordus explanation of the weak interaction (beta decay, W and Z bosons) identified the possibility that matter, e.g. an electron, might exist in state of having reversed charge, but still the same discrete field structures of the electron, and the same hand as the electron (http://vixra.org/abs/1111.0023).
We call this the notElectron, and give it the symbol !e in the HED mechanics. It appears in the HED equations for neutrino-antineutrino annihilation, as a decay product of notPositronium. It would seem that any particule can in principle have a !not version.
Maybe in principle, but we could not give a physical explanation for notmatter at the time. Now we think we can.
It seems that notmatter corresponds to holes where matter would otherwise be expected. This is only expected to apply where there is a regular ordered structure of the matter, such that the absence of one particule makes a well-defined hole. So example materials would be superconductors and superfluids.
If one electron is missing in a network of electrons in a superconductor, then the fields inside that hole correspond to the fields of the neighbouring electrons, but reversed. The hand of those fields is therefore unchanged. So according to the cordus mechanics, this hole is not antimatter (because the hand of the field is not inverted). Instead the hole is an absence of matter, and behaves like a particule in its ability to move around.
This !notmatter concept is a new one, and only accessible in the cordus model. The concept only makes sense if understood in conjunction with the electron having internal structures and discrete field elements. You cannot understand this concept from quantum mechanics, because that theory assumes that particles are zero-dimensional points and therefore by definition do not have internal structures.
The concept of electrons and holes is well-established in the physics of electron conduction, and a reality of semiconductors and electronic devices that are in everyday use. These holes have been physically observed. So that part is not contentious, though of course the cordus explanation probably will be.
It was thanks to a New Scientist article that we have been able to join the notElectron and hole concepts.
NS was very excited about the possibility that the Majorana particle (one that is simultaneously matter and antimatter) had been observed in the form of electron vs hole behaviour in superconductors (http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.2792v1). This front-page article ‘Mirror worlds merged’ appeared in the 12 May 2012 issue. A while back NS also had a cover article on finding magnetic monopoles in these kinds of materials, and now it was matter-antimatter pairs. That got us thinking laterally, and we suddenly realised that the holes they were describing corresponded to the notElectron that the cordus HED mechanics identifies.
So, what are the implications?
Well for a start, and assuming that the cordus mechanics is correct, then what they have observed is not a real Majorana particle but rather an electrical analogy that exists in the matter domain.
More fundamentally, cordus predicts that real Majorana particles do not readily exist. For them to do so would require a particule that could change the hand of its field from the matter to the antimatter hands. That is because handedness is the primary difference between matter and antimatter in the cordus model. Furthermore, changing the hand requires discarding the unwanted hand, which is what the neutrino and antineutrinos are doing. Positronium (a temporary bond between an electron and an antielectron) might be a closer analogy to a Majorana particle.
So the associating the cordus notElectron with the electron-hole provides a neat physical explanation for something observed in reality and predicted in the cordus conjecture. The cordus HED mechanics can then be used to represent these structures.
- New Scientist, (2102), All or nothing (Mirror worlds merged), http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21428641.500-truth-of-the-matter-the-majorana-particle-mystery.html
- Mourik et al, (2012), Signatures of Majorana fermions in hybrid superconductor-semiconductor nanowire devices, http://arxiv.org/abs/1204.2792v1
- Williams et al, (2102), Signatures of Majorana Fermions in Hybrid Superconductor-Topological Insulator Devices, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.2323
- Peaceable matter-antimatter pairs glimpsed in the lab (newscientist.com)
- MAJORANA, the search for the most elusive neutrino of all (physicsforme.wordpress.com)
- Physicists Discover New Type of Particle – Sort Of (news.sciencemag.org)